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      21世紀,什么樣的幼兒園才是世界上最美麗的幼兒園?

      發表于:2018年05月13日


      大家可能都知道,日本富士山藤幼兒園是由聯合國國際經濟合作組織(OECD)評選為世界上最優秀的教育建筑,也是世界上最美麗的幼兒園,它的主創設計師是享譽世界盛名的日本著名幼兒園建筑師手冢貴晴和手冢由比兩夫婦。這樣一棟“無終端”,無墻壁,無阻隔的環形建筑,孩子們天上(房頂)、地下(操場)、室內、室外可以隨意蹦跳奔跑,并無“禁區”。這種自由開放的氛圍,對于培養孩子們的好奇心、自信心、主動精神、與人交往的能力無疑是有巨大促進作用。

      As you all know, Japan’s Mount Fuji kindergarten was selected by the United Nations International Economic Cooperation Organization (OECD) as the world’s most outstanding educational building and the most beautiful kindergarten in the world. Its main designer is the prestigious Japanese prestigious kindergarten building. The teacher handed over Gui Qing and handcuffs from the two couples. Such an "unterminated", wallless, unobstructed circular structure, the children in the sky (roofing), underground (playground), indoor and outdoor can be free to jump and run, there is no "forbidden zone." This free and open atmosphere is undoubtedly a great boost to the children's curiosity, self-confidence, initiative, and ability to interact with others.

      [日本著名幼兒園設計師手冢貴晴先生]

      近年來,隨著國際先進教育理念和教學方式的不段改變影響,傳統的中國幼兒園及中小學正在走向未來。與此同時,如何創造面向未來的學習空間也成為教育者和建筑師必須面對的課題。

      In recent years, with the impact of international advanced educational concepts and teaching methods, traditional Chinese kindergartens and primary and secondary schools are moving into the future. At the same time, how to create a future-oriented learning space has also become an issue that educators and architects must face.

      2018年4月28、29、30日,來自國內外的知名教育界專家及建筑界專家以“為21世紀未來教育創造學習空間“為主題進行了一場規劃設計國際研討交流會。
      On April 28, 29 and 30, April 2018, experts and experts in the field of education from home and abroad conducted an international seminar on planning and design as the theme of “Creating a Learning Space for Future Education in the 21st Century”.

      [學員們紛紛上前交流]

      參加此次會議的成員有:日本株式會社著名建筑教育界設計師手冢貴晴先生,芬蘭著名幼兒園設計師Juha-Pekka Niinimaa、丹麥RUM教育建筑主管卡琳·埃爾貝克女士,英國BDP建筑設計公司主席 克里斯·哈丁,《中小學校設計規范》主編、北京市建筑設計研究院總建筑師黃匯、英國Penoyre&Prasad建筑設計公司合伙人Mark Rowe、Crossboundaries建筑事務所董灝 、和立實踐建筑設計創辦人馬笑漪女士,張曉光幼兒園國際設計事務所張曉光先生,甘肅大劇院藝術學校趙玥,鑫控集團設計總監徐喜明,中通服設計院何運全,青島鵬遠設計事務所劉欣,蒲公英教育視覺藝術總監王櫻潔,四川省建筑設計研究院李老師......等設計單位出席了會議。
      Members participating in the conference include: Mr. Tetsuo Takaaki, designer of the famous architecture education company of Japan Co., Ltd., Juha-Pekka Niinimaa, a famous kindergarten designer from Finland, and Ms. Karin Erbeck, Director of Education and Construction of RUM in Denmark, and British BDP architectural design. Chairperson Chris Harding, Editor-in-Chief of Design Standards for Primary and Secondary Schools, Huang Hui, Chief Architect of Beijing Institute of Architectural Design, Mark Rowe, Partner, Penoyre & Prasad Architectural Design Co., Ltd., Dong Xuan, Crossboundaries Architects, and He Li Practical Architectural Design Founder Ms. Ma Xiaoyi, Zhang Xiaoguang Kindergarten International Design Office Mr. Zhang Xiaoguang, Gansu Grand Theater Art School Zhao Wei, XinChun Group Design Director Xu Ximing, Zhongtong Clothing Design Institute He Yunquan, Qingdao Pengyuan Design Firm Liu Xin, Dandelion Education Vision Art Director Wang Yingjie, Sichuan Provincial Institute of Architectural Design and Li, etc. attended the meeting.

      [左·張曉光先生 右·手冢貴晴先生]


      如何通過教育建筑設計激發兒童的學習和想象能力?
      How to stimulate children's learning and imagination through educational architecture design?

      張曉光先生認為設計師工作的出發點是孩子,如果不了解孩子的需求,就沒辦法為他們設計合適的空間,讓孩子去體驗、去學習。我們需要充分了解孩子的情況、社區的特色、老師的需求,在此基礎上完成最終的設計。有時候也要適度深入社會,與社區意見領袖、教育部門、老師、學生一起討論,推動教育設計的發展。
      Mr. Zhang Xiaoguang believes that the starting point of the designer's work is the child. If he does not understand the child's needs, there is no way to design a suitable space for them to let the child experience and learn. We need to fully understand the child's situation, the characteristics of the community, and the teacher's needs, and complete the final design on this basis. Sometimes it is also appropriate to go deep into the community and discuss with community opinion leaders, education departments, teachers, and students to promote the development of educational design.

      [左·Juha-Pekka Niinimaa先生 右·張曉光先生]



      所以張曉光先生說打造連接性是幼兒園建筑師工作的重點,包括孩子與孩子、孩子與老師、孩子與幼兒園、幼兒園與社區、人與自然的連接。張曉光國際幼兒園設計事務所的目標是不斷建立建筑物與環境的聯系,使得未來的環境更加健康與美麗;是幫助孩子們鍛煉強健的體魄,讓老師擁有愉悅的工作;是通過設計讓生態可以得到良好的保護。

      Therefore, Mr. Zhang Xiaoguang said that building connectivity is the focus of kindergarten architects' work, including children and children, children and teachers, children and kindergartens, kindergartens and communities, and people and nature. The goal of Zhang Xiaoguang International Kindergarten Design Firm is to continuously establish the connection between the building and the environment, making the environment in the future more healthy and beautiful. It is to help the children to exercise a strong body and let the teacher have a pleasant job; it is designed to make the ecology available. Good protection.

      幫助孩子以另一個角度審視世界,要在設計中豐富孩子的體驗,讓幼兒園里面更加好玩和有趣。學生很需要歸屬感,可以通過共同的視覺符號讓孩子找到共同的興趣。

      Help children to look at the world from another angle, to enrich the child's experience in design, and make kindergarten more fun and interesting. Students need a sense of belonging. They can use common visual symbols to help children find common interests.


      [左·董灝先生 右·張曉光先生]



      以前孩子們的背景是相似的,但是現在孩子們背景越來越多樣化,孩子們的文化背景、經濟條件、語言能力、上學的動機都有很大差別。過往以一概全、一刀切的教育方式已經過時了,而現在的教育要因材施教,根據每個孩子的具體情況,幫助他們成長。同時,活動室要更加靈活,便于孩子們做一些團隊協作的活動。幼兒園規模也要規劃設計好,適合孩子們參與項目。另外設計幼兒園時,一定要注意采光、通風,讓學習環境更加舒適。

       

      In the past, children’s backgrounds were similar, but children’s backgrounds are increasingly diverse. Children’s cultural backgrounds, economic conditions, language skills, and motivations for going to school are all very different. In the past, the one-size-fits-all, one-size-fits-all approach to education has become obsolete. Today's education must be taught in accordance with their aptitude and based on the specific circumstances of each child to help them grow. At the same time, the activity room should be more flexible and facilitate the children to do some teamwork activities. Kindergarten scale must also be well planned and designed for children to participate in the project. In addition, when designing kindergartens, we must pay attention to lighting and ventilation to make the learning environment more comfortable.

       

      最后,我們在討論學習和教育空間的可持續設計的同時,城市居民和用戶的參與是必不可少的。我們熱衷于將幼兒園轉變為未來的數字化社會。我們相信與各行各業人士的合作具有如虎添翼的潛力。

       

      Finally, when we discuss the sustainable design of learning and education space, the participation of urban residents and users is indispensable. We are passionate about turning kindergarten into a digital society in the future. We believe that cooperation with people from all walks of life has the potential to be even more powerful.

       

      教育就是一棵樹搖動一棵樹,

      一朵云搖動一朵云,

      一個靈魂喚醒另一個靈魂。

      Education is a tree shaking a tree,

      a cloud to promote a cloud,

      a soul awaken another soul.

       

      2018張曉光國際幼兒園設計中心“追求本真”!讓21世紀技能給幼兒園帶來更多的改變。

      2018 Zhang Xiaoguang International Kindergarten Design Center "pursuing the truth"! Let the 21st century skills bring changes to kindergartens.






        備案號:京ICP備17027897號-1  Copyright 版權所有2005-2015 張曉光設計顧問(北京)有限公司 All Rights Reserved

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